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scripturesinternalevidence (Internal Evidences of BOM)

Internal Evidences of the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon

The truthfulness of the Book of Mormon is established by inspiration and spiritual witness.  There are, however, many internal evidences contained in the book itself that testify of it being a translated record from ancient documents.  Following are some beautiful truths of that nature.

President Ezra Taft Benson:  “All objections, whether they be on abortion, plural marriage, seventh day worship, etc., basically hinge on whether Joseph Smith and his successors were and are prophets of God receiving divine revelation.  Here, then, is a procedure to handle most objections through the use of the Book of Mormon.  First, understand the objection.  Second, give a brief answer from modern revelation.  Third, show how the correctness of the answer really depends on whether or not we have modern revelation through modern prophets.  Fourth, explain that whether or not we have modern prophets and revelation really depends on whether the Book of Mormon is true.  Therefore, the only problem the objector has to resolve for himself is whether the Book of Mormon is true.  If the Book of Mormon is true, then Jesus is the Christ, Joseph Smith was His prophet, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is true, and it is being led today by a prophet receiving revelation.”

 Internal evidences:

  • 1 Nephi 2:4       “..and his..and his..and his..”? Semitic function words.  Would Joseph Smith have used these?
  • 1 Nephi 2:5       Family which consisted of…   What about Nephi’s sisters??  Male-dominant society.
  • 1 Nephi 2:6-7   River of water?  What other kind of river is there?  Dry bed rivers and sand rivers in the desert.  Stone altar, not altar of stones.
  • 1 Nephi 2:10     A valley described as firm and steadfast?  Not a mountain?  Arab custom.
  • 1 Nephi 3:2       Dreamed a dream?  Semitic cognate.  Joseph would have said “I had a dream”.
  • 1 Nephi 3:3     Plates of brass?  Joseph would have said “brass plates”.
  • 1 Nephi 3:9       Go up to the land of Jerusalem?  Would Joseph Smith have known when to say ‘up’ and when to say ‘down’?
  • 1 Nephi 3:11     Casting lots was a well-known Hebrew custom.  Various references in Old Testament.  Would Joseph Smith have known this?
  • 1 Nephi 4:20     Books in a treasury?  Yes, if they are written on plates.  Would Joseph Smith have known this or thought of it?
  • 1 Nephi 4:37     The binding effect of an oath was a well-established Old World custom.  Joseph Smith?
  • 1 Nephi 5:20    I and my father?  Common in Hebrew, no way in English.  Joseph would have written ‘my father and I’. 
  • 1 Nephi 8:2       Dreamed a dream?  Same as 1 Nephi 3:2.
  • 1 Nephi 7:21     ..after they had done praying??  Similar to “hacer una oracion” in Spanish.  Very awkward in English.
  • 1 Nephi 8:13    River of water.  Same as 1 Nephi 2:6
  • 1 Nephi 8:26    River of water.  Same as 1 Nephi 2:6
  • 1 Nephi 16:23  Why a new arrow?  Only the bow was broken, not his arrows.  Arrows for a steel bow would not work with a hand-crafted wooden bow.
  • 1 Nephi 18:5     My father?  Who had built the ship?  Lord followed priesthood patterns.  Would Joseph Smith have written that?
  • 2 Nephi 5:3       Law of primogeniture.  Would Joseph have known about this?
  • Jacob 5             Whole chapter.  Joseph would have known nothing about the growing and nourishing and grafting of olive trees!
  • Jarom 1:13        Two hundred and thirty and eight years?  Joseph would not have written in this manner.  The norm in Hebrew.
  • Mosiah 1:2        He called their names… Very awkward in English, but traditional in Semitic languages.
  • Mosiah 9:16      ..and with..and with..and with..   similar to 1 Nephi 2:4
  • Mosiah 9:17      I and my people.  Similar to 1 Nephi 5:20
  • Alma 13:1        Cite your mind forward and then talk about the past??  Citing forward in ancient times meant to look to the past.
  • Alma 27:15      I and my brethren?  Same as 1 Nephi 5:20
  • Alma 36:22      Alma quotes Lehi directly!  Joseph never backtracked during the translation.  How could he have gotten the quote exactly right?
  • Helaman 3:33  Fifty and first year?  Same as Jarom 1:13
  • 3 Nephi 28:3     seventy and two years?  Same as Jarom 1:13
  • 3 Nephi 28:40 go no more out..  Very awkward in English


• Cement, steel, the name Alma, barley, land Bountiful, elephants, etc. etc.  ?  All these questions from the Book of Mormon have been validated, substantiated, and corroborated by scientific evidence.  If there are remaining questions, they will also be resolved in due time.

• “Word print” scholars (word prints are similar to finger prints in that a certain writing style can be used to identify authors) have stated, “It is statistically impossible for Joseph Smith or Oliver Cowdery or any other single person to have written the Book of Mormon, based on the many different word prints found in the Book of Mormon.  There were obviously many different authors that wrote the parts of the book.” 

• None of the eleven witnesses of the Book of Mormon (twelve including Joseph) ever denied their testimonies, despite ample opportunities and situations to do so.

• Joseph translated the entire Book of Mormon in less than three months. This would be an average of about 8 pages per day.  He never asked his scribes to repeat back prior sections before commencing anew to translate.

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